domingo, 18 de mayo de 2014

English Vocabulary for the Kitchen

English Vocabulary for the Kitchen

Some people have a fitted kitchen, where all the kitchen units have been bought together, and they are assembled according to a plan.

 Other people have a kitchen where the units are free-standing: not necessarily bought together at one time.

In a kitchen you are likely to find cupboards (orcabinets), either at floor level, or at eye level. In the eye level cupboards you will probably find dry goods (such as flour, sugar, rice, pasta, spices) and maybe glasses and crockery (plates, bowls etc). 

In the floor level cupboards you might findpots and panssaucepans for cooking pasta etc;frying pans for frying food; baking tins androasting tins for cooking food in the oven; andserving dishes made from glass or china. You could also find other kitchen implements such as a blender (= food processor) and kitchen scales(for measuring and weighing food). 

Often the top part of a floor level cupboard has a drawer, where various items are kept, such as cutlery (knives, forks and spoons); aluminium foil (metal paper), cling film (thin plastic wrap), freezer bags, and other kitchen items such as a bread knifetin openercorkscrew (to open bottles of wine), potato peeler (to take the skin off potatoes), a rolling pin (to roll out pastry) and so on.

On the top of the floor level cupboards you often find a worktop or work surface, where you can prepare food. These surfaces are sometimes made of marble, or hard wood, and they can be easily cleaned. Some people keep atoaster or microwave on the work surfaces, along with things they need frequently, such as oil, salt, or various sauces.

Most kitchens also contain a cooker with an oven and four rings, (although some modern cookers are split level, where the oven is separate from the rings), a fridge-freezer, and perhaps a dishwasher or even a washing machine. You'll probably find a kitchen sink, where you wash the plates and dishes, and larger kitchens also contain a kitchen table and chairs, so you can eat in the same room.

Prepositions and Verbs

Prepositions and Verbs

This list will help you remember English verbs and prepositions. Practise using them as much as possible to feel more confident.

accuse someone of something
"He accused her of stealing."

agree with someone / something
"I agree with you – you are absolutely right."

agree to do something
"She agreed to wait for him."
agree on something
"We've agreed on all the major points."

apply for
"I'm going to apply for a new job."

apologise for something
"She apologised for being late."

ask someone to do something
"She asked him to do the shopping for her."

ask someone for something
"She asked her boss for a day off."

believe in
"I believe in hard work."

belong to
"This pen belongs to me."

blame someone for doing something
"He blamed her for driving too fast."

blame something on someone
"He blamed the accident on her."

borrow something from someone
"He borrowed some money from the bank."

care about something
"I don't care about money."

care for someone
"She really cares for her grandmother."

take care of something / someone
"Please take care of yourself on holiday."

complain to someone (about something)
"He complained to her about the food."

concentrate on something
"The student concentrated on her homework."

congratulate someone on doing something
"He congratulated her on passing her exam."

consist of something
"The department consists of five people."

depend on someone
"She depended on her friends for support."

explain something to someone
"She explained the new system to them."

listen to someone
"The students listened to their teacher."

look at something
"Look at that view – it's wonderful."

look for something / someone
"Will you help me look for my book?"

look after someone
"I need to look after my mother – she's ill."

pay someone for something
"Can you pay me for the shopping later?"

prefer someone / something to someone
"I prefer coffee to tea."

protect someone from something
"A scarf will protect you from the cold."

provide someone with something
"They provide families with housing."

regard someone as 
"She regarded her sister as her best friend."

rely on someone / something
"Can I rely on you to get the shopping?"

search for someone / something
"The police searched the building for bombs."

spend money / time on
"I spent all my money on books as a student."

think about someone / something
"I think about you all the time."

think about of doing something
"I'm thinking about / of buying a new car."

think of something
"I've just thought of a new idea."
"What do you think of the new magazine?"

translate from something into something else
"Don't translate from English into French."

wait for someone
"I waited an hour for him, then went home."

warn someone about
"The doctor warned her about smoking."